Flora of Libya

الصفحة الرئيسية

Flora of Libya


Bibliographic references:
All information related to the registration of plant species in the different regions of Libya has been included from the Libyan Flora Encyclopedia, published research and master theses obtained,
There are researches and master theses I got information about them from some references and I could not access,
and There are many researches and master theses that I could not get any information about. 
I ask all researchers are requested to provide us with their research and master theses so that we can include the information on the registration of plant species in regions of Libya.

First: Encyclopedia Flora of Libyan:

Ali, S. F. and Jafri, S. M. H. (1976). Flora of Libya, Vols. 1-144. Department of Botany, El Faateh University Tripoli, Libya.

El-Gadi, A., 1989. Flora of Libya. Vol. 145-147. Department of Botany, Al-Faateh Univ., Tripoli, Libya.

Second: Researches and master theses obtained, Sorted by Newest:

Al-Sghair, F.G. and Mahklouf, M.H. (2021) Vegetation Survey for Vascular Plants of Protected Area of the University of Tripoli-Libya. Species. Vol.22 (69), 2021.

http://www.discoveryjournals.org/Species/current_issue/2021/v22/n69/index.htm http://www.discoveryjournals.org/Species/current_issue/2021/v22/n69/A1.pdf

El-Ahmir, S.M., Mahklouf, M.H., Shanta, M.B., Abo-Jaafer, H.A. (2020) Floristic Study of Sedrores Mountains in Gharyan District-Libya. J. of Advanced Botany and Zoology. Volume 8 / Issue 1. ISSN: 2348-7313.

https://scienceq.org/floristic-study-of-sedrores-mountains-in-gharyan-district-libya.php
Al-Amrouni, M,M., Al-Zarbi, A., Al-Aeb, M. A. (2020) Study of vegetation cover in Sidi Amohamed forest north of the city of Al-Abyar in the Al-Jabal Al-Al-Akhdar. Libya. Journal of Quality Assurance for Scientific Research-The first issue-April-2020 (in Arabic).

https://lqac.org.ly/index.php/april2020/

https://lqac.org.ly/wp-content/uploads/2020/05/PDF-1.pdf
Al-khojah, H.M., Al-Yafour, L.A., Mahklouf, M.H. (2020) Floristic Study of Selected Districts in Sabratha region Libya. J. of Advanced Botany and Zoology Volume 7/Issue 4 ISSN: 2348-7313. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/341441096_JOURNAL_OF_ADVANCED_BOTANY_AND_ZOOLOGY_Floristic_Study_of_Selected_Districts_in_Sabratha_region_Libya

Al-Shaibani, I., Al-Barasi, Y., Al-Tajouri, B. and Al-Wafi, M. (2020) An Introductory Study of the Geography & Geology of Al-Hamada Al-Hamra Region in Western Libya and Some Perennial Plants. Libyan Journal of Ecological & Environmental Sciences and Technology. Vol, 2 No. 2 Dec, 2020. (In Arabic).

https://srcest.org.ly/%d9%85%d8%ac%d9%84%d8%a9-%d8%a7%d9%84%d9%85%d8%b1%d9%83%d8%b2/

https://www.srcest.org.ly/jou/paper/1607922571867.pdf

El-Taguri, H.M., El-Mogasapi, A.M., El-Barasi, Y.M. (2020) Weed Flora of Man-Made river agriculture project (Masiklo). Libyan Journal of Science & Technology 11:1 (2020) 61-64.

http://repository.uob.edu.ly/bitstream/handle/123456789/1291/15.pdf?sequence=2&isAllowed=y

file:///C:/Users/gh/Downloads/WeedFloraofMan-MaderiveragricultureprojectMasiklo.pdf

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/341993267_Weed_Flora_of_Man-Made_river_agriculture_project_Masiklo

Khalifa, S.M. & Bader, B.M. (2020) Floristic analysis of the family Asteraceae in Al-Jufra region, Libya. Journal of Medicinal Plants Studies-2020- Vol. 8, Issue 6, Part A

https://www.plantsjournal.com/archives/?year=2020&vol=8&issue=6&part=A&ArticleId=1223

https://www.plantsjournal.com/archives/2020/vol8issue6/PartA/8-6-2-621.pdf

Mahklouf, M.H. (2020) Biodiversity of the coastal flora of Tripoli Province. Biodiv. Res. Conserv. 58: 13-19, 2020. BRC www.brc.amu.edu.pl

http://brc.amu.edu.pl/Biodiversity-of-the-coastal-flora-of-Tripoli-Province,127341,0,2.html?fbclid=IwAR3-s191OFdSRxChsDTuYh0O2tsAdhfU-qL2_1qB6CW_CS8PZkTUBfqihfo

file:///C:/Users/gh/Downloads/Biodiversity%20of%20the.pdf

Mahklouf, M.H., Sherif, A.S., Betelmal, A.G. (2020) Floristic Study and Species Diversity of Msallata-Garaboulli Province in Libya. J. of Advanced Botany and Zoology Volume 7 / Issue 3 ISSN: 2348-7313

Journal homepage: http://scienceq.org/Journals/JABZ.php

https://scienceq.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/JABZV7I304.pdf

Omar, N., Alai, M.A. & Al-Zerbi, A.K. (2020) A Survey of Weed Species of Barley Crop Fields in Farms of GMR Agricultural Project in Jardina-Soloq Region, Libya. Libyan Journal of Basic Sciences, Vol: 11, No: 1, P: 29-38, August. 2020

https://ljbs.omu.edu.ly/vol11no1august-2020/

file:///C:/Users/gh/Downloads/29-38.pdf

Eltajoury, H.M.A., Mukassabi, T.A., Altera, F.M. and Elmgasapi, A.M. (2019) Scolymus maculatus (Asteraceae) new for the Flora of Libya. Fl. Medit. 29: 71-74.

(https://www.researchgate.net/publication/334307476_Scolymus_maculatus_Asteraceae_new_for_the_Flora_of_Libya)

Mahklouf, M.H., El-Ahamir, S.M. (2019) The first record of Abutilon theophrasti (Malvaceae) in the flora of Libya. Phytotaxa 402 (5): 259-264

(https://www.researchgate.net/publication/332892547_The_first_record_of_Abutilon_theophrasti_Malvaceae_in_the_flora_of_Libya)

Mahklouf, M.H. (2019) The first record of Physalis angulata L. (Solanaceae) for the flora of Libya. Biodiv. Res. Conserv. 53: 67-71, 2019.

(https://www.researchgate.net/publication/335718144_The_first_record_of_Physalis_angulata_L_Solanaceae_for_the_flora_of_Libya)

(https://content.sciendo.com/configurable/contentpage/journals$002fbiorc$002f53$002f1$002farticle-p67.xml)

Saed, Z.H. S., Abohbell, H.A., Mahklouf, M. H. (2019) Floristic Analysis of the Family Asteraceae in Sabratha city- Libya. American Journal of Life Science Researches 2019; 7(1): 18-25 Published online January, 2019 (http://www.diili.org/ojs-2.4.6/index.php/ajlsr/index) ISSN: 2375-7485 (Print); ISSN: 2332-0206 (Online)

(https://www.researchgate.net/publication/336903446_Original_Paper_Floristic_Analysis_of_the_Family_Asteraceae_in_Sabratha_city-Libya)

Beit Al-Mal, A. G. & El-Hadar, I. A. (2018) An analytical study of vegetation (Case Study: Targhalat, Tarhouna Municipality, Libya.

Special issue of the second annual conference on theories and applications Basic and Biological Sciences. 1 September 2018.

(http://www.misuratau.edu.ly/2nd_conf/2nd_conf_Article_032_Pages_304-317.pdf)

EL-Barasi,Y.M., Bader, B.M., Barrani. M.W., EL-Hashani, N.M. and Alamrouni, A.O.(2018) Ecological studies on EL-Jufra Desert Depression

(https://www.researchgate.net/publication/323990883_Ecological_studies_On_EL-Jufra_Desert_Depression)

Mahklouf, M.H. Sherif, A.S, and Betelmal, A. G. (2018) Floristic Study for Tarhuna-Libya. Hacettepe J. Biol. & Chem, 2018, 46 (3), 337-364.

(http://www.hjbc.hacettepe.edu.tr/journal/volume-46/issue-3/floristic-study-for-tarhuna-libya/index.html)

Ab-Aziza, F.B., El-Barasi, Y.M. and Rahil, R.O. (2017) Flora, Vegetation and Human Activities of Wadi Derna-El-Jabal. Research article I Botany l Version 1.

(https://www.researchgate.net/publication/322222467_Flora_Vegetation_and_Human_Activities_of_Wadi_Derna-El-Jabal)

Abuhadra, M.N., Mahklouf, M.H. and Essokne, R.S. (2017) A New Record Artemisia Vulgaris L. (Asteraceae) for the Flora of Libya. American Journal of Life Science Researches - 2017; 5(3): 83-88.

(http://www.diili.org/ojs-2.4.6/index.php/ajlsr/article/view/183)

Abusaief, H. M. A. (2017) Similarities between elevations in a rare species of some locations at Al- Jabal Al-Akhdar in Libya. International Journal of Environment ISSN 2077-4505.Volume: 06 Issue: 03 July-Sept. 2017, Page: 78-102.

(http://www.curresweb.com/ije/ije/2017/78-102.pdf)

Abusaief, H.M.A. & Alwishish, F.M. (2017) Survey of endangered plants and description the seeds in some sites at Al-JabalAl-Akhdar of Libya. Curr. Sci. Int., 6(3): 511-539, 2017 ISSN 2077-4435.

(http://www.curresweb.com/csi/csi/2017/511-539.pdf)

Al-Aib, M.A., El- Sherif, M., Al-Hamedi, R.I. (2017) Floristic and ecological investigation of Wadi Al-Agar in Al-Jabal Al-Akhdar, Libya, Science & its applications 5:1 (2017) 57-61

(http://sc.uob.edu.ly/assets/uploads/pagedownloads/6fd00-122.pdf).

Alhasi, S.M, and El-Barasi, Y.M. (2017) The Weed Flora of some Crop Fields in Al- Oylia region, Al-Marj, Libya. Global Libyan Journal, ISSN 2518-5845. University of Benghazi, Faculty of Education Al marj.

(http://marj.educ.uob.edu.ly/assets/uploads/pagedownloads/de58f-23-4.pdf)

Alhasi, S. M., El-Barasi, Y. M., Rahil, R.O. and Barrani, M. W.(2017) Weed Flora of the Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) and Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) fields in Al-Marj Plain Libya. Research article I Botany l Version 1.

(file:///C:/Users/mcc/Downloads/Alhasietal.-2017-WeedFloraoftheBarleyHordeumvulgareL.andWheatTriticumaestivumL.fieldsinAl-MarjPlainLibya2.pdf)

Bahri, N.M.(2017) Identify, Limit and Determine the Vegetation Types of Wadi Ka'am Areas, Libya. Journal of Marine Sciences and Environmental Technologies -Volume (3) - Issue (2)

(http://www.asmarya.edu.ly/journal2/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/JMSET06-3-1-20171.pdf)

Bou-Gharsa, Saleh, A. & Al Sheikhi, S. K.(2017) A study on the diversity of vegetation cover in El-Beidan and El-Glidaya protected areas in Ajdabiya. Journal of Environmental Science and Engineering JESE, VOL. 1. (in Arabic)

(http://jese.uoa.edu.ly/JESE_V1N1/JESE_V1N1P6.pdf)

El-Mukassabi, T.A., Thomas, P.A. and EL-Mogasapi, A. (2017) Medicinal plants in Cyrenaica, Libya: existence and extinction. Biological Diversity and Conservation-10/2 (2017).

Pp. (183-192). ISSN 1308-8084 Online; ISSN 1308-5301 Print. (183-192).

(https://www.researchgate.net/publication/319482817_Medicinal_plants_in_Cyrenaica_Libya_existence_and_extinction)

Elsayed, N. (2016) Relationship between Vegetation and Soil Seed Bank at Protected Versus Unprotected Sites at Coastal Habitats in Libya.CATRINA (2016), 15 (1): 59-68

(https://cat.journals.ekb.eg/volume_3816.html) (https://cat.journals.ekb.eg/article_18337_76652686b5c99f5fd479aebab87fbcb4.pdf)

El-Zerbi, A. K. & Al-Aib, M.A.(2016) Study of vegetation cover in Sidi Bouras region, Al-Jabal Al-Akhdar, Libya. Journal of Environmental Science and Engineering JESE, VOL. 1, No. 1, January 2017. (in Arabic)

(http://jese.uoa.edu.ly/JESE_V1N1/JESE_V1N1P11.pdf)

Ezarzah, A.M, Amidzic, L., Mohamed, S.A., Asharif, M.O. (2017) Evaluation of Environmental Situation on the Vegetation and Strategy of Its Developing in a Reserve of Msallata at Libya. Journal of Agriculture and Life Sciences ISSN 2375-4214 (Print), 2375-4222 (Online) Vol. 4, No. 2; December 2017.

(http://jalsnet.com/journals/Vol_4_No_2_December_2017/5.pdf)

Mohammed, M.I. (2017) The suitability of Ghaith Lake water and soil for vegetation in Al-Kufra region. Libyan International Journal-No. 20. Faculty of Education-Al-Marj-University of Benghazi.

(http://marj.educ.uob.edu.ly/assets/uploads/pagedownloads/b1029-20-6.pdf)

Mosallam, H.A.M., Sergiwa, A.M.H., (2017) Size Distribution of Some Endangered Plant Species, Al-Jabal Al-Akhdar, Libya. Egypt . J. Bot., Vol. 57, No, 1. Pp.181- 197 (2017)

( https://ejbo.journals.ekb.eg/article_2500.html)

Nasif, M. A., Al-Ganoni, A. M., Knotch, O. M., Nafees. A. A. (2017) Survey of weeds in the research station of the Faculty of Agriculture-University of Tripoli. Libyan Journal of Agricultural Sciences, No. (1) Vol (22) p.( 35-46). (in Arabic)

http://www.ljagric.com/lj/index.php/ljagric/article/view/89

Aljarroushi, M.M. & Almedham, K. E. (2016) Geographical distribution and Life form of plants in Sassu Valley, Misurata area, Libya. Al-satil Vol. 10 No. 15 March 2016

(http://al-satil.misuratau.edu.ly/wp-content/uploads/2016/09/E005.pdf)

Elsayed, N. (2016) Relationship between Vegetation and Soil Seed Bank at Protected Versus Unprotected Sites at Coastal Habitats in Libya.CATRINA (2016), 15 (1): 59-68

(https://scholar.google.com.eg/citations?user=mSAskW0AAAAJ&hl=en)

(https://cat.journals.ekb.eg/article_18337_76652686b5c99f5fd479aebab87fbcb4.pdf)

El-Zerbi, A. K. , Al-Borki, A. S., Al-Aib, M.A.(2016) Study of vegetation in Protected Al-Bedan southeast of Ajdabiya, Libya. Journal of Marine Sciences and Environmental Technologies-No. (2) Volume (2) December 2016. ISSN: 2413-5267(in Arabic)

(http://www.asmarya.edu.ly/journal/wp-content/uploads/2017/05/JMSET01-2-2-2016-ilovepdf-compressed.pdf)

Hegazy, A.; Kabiel, H.; AlRowaily, S.; Lovett-Doust, L. and AlBorki, A. (2016) Plant communities and reproductive phenology in mountainous regions of northern Libya. Journal of Forestry Research. July 2017, Volume 28, Issue4, pp 741-761|

(https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Plant-communities-and-reproductive-phenology-in-of-Hegazy-Kabiel/597e35db1727e57100d199e0043c733f480a3e0e)

Mahklouf, M. H. (2016) Flora of Solanum rostratum Dunal. (Family-Solanaceae) in Libya: A New Record. International Journal of Modern Botany 2016, 6(1): 1-5 DOI: 10.5923/j.ijmb.20160601.01

(http://article.sapub.org/10.5923.j.ijmb.20160601.01.html)

Mahklouf, M. H. &Al Sghair, F. G. (2016) Biodiversity and Floristic Study of Al-Hdaba Treatment Plant Tripoli-Libya. American Journal of Life Science Researches, Original Article, pag. (101-103).Jul 2016, Volume 4, Issue 3, DOI: 10.21859/ajlsr-040307.

(file:///C:/Users/mcc/Downloads/108-278-1-PB%20(2).pdf)

Mahklouf, M.H. (2016) A New Record Oenothera laciniata Mill. For the Flora of Libya. International Journal of Modern Botany 2016, 6(1): 6-9.

(http://article.sapub.org/10.5923.j.ijmb.20160601.02.html)

Mahklouf, M.H., Abuhadra, M.N. and Essokne, R.S. (2016) A New Record Amaranthus blitoides S. Watson. (Amaranthaceae) For the Flora of Libya. American Journal of Life Science Researches-Jul-2016, Volume 4, Issue 3.

(http://www.diili.org/ojs-2.4.6/index.php/ajlsr/article/view/102

Najah, A. M. (2016) The Natural Plant (Sidi Omir-Kasr El Khiar-Ghanima) as a model. Journal of Humanities, Scientific and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Qasr Kheyar, Al-Mirqab University, Issue 2, pp. (109-145). (in Arabic)

(http://khsj.elmergib.edu.ly/2016_2_ar.pdf)
Nino, A.M. Abu Al-Asaad, N. M. and Al-Muthanani, A. M. (2016) Assessment of the Survey and Environmental Situation of Lake Um Al Maa, Fezzan, Libya International Geospatial Technologies Conference & Exhibition-Libya (2-8December 2016). (in Arabic)
(http://www.lrsgis.org.ly/libyageotec2/ar/paper/31-16-B5-AR-rev.pdf)
Raheel, O. M., El-Borasi, Y. M., El-Barrani, M. W., El-Hassi, S. (2016) Study of Flora and vegetation cover of the semi-desert area between Salouq and Al-Abyar-the first high of Jabal Al-Akhdar-Libya, Fourth Scientific Conference for Environment and Sustainable Development In dry and semi-arid areas. Ajdabia. Libya. (in Arabic)
(https://www.researchgate.net/publication/318055059_drast_alflwra_walghta_alnbaty_llmntqt_alshbh_shrawyt_almmtdt_byn_mdynty_slwq_walabyar_balmstbt_alawly_baljbl_alakhdr)

Sharashy, O.S. (2016) New plant records for the Flora of Libya Verbesin aencelioides Benth. ex A. Gray, Retama monosperma ( L. ) Boiss. and Euphorbia punctata Delile, Descr. Journal of Sebha University-(Pure and Applied Sciences)-Vol.15 No.2 (2016)

(https://sebhau.edu.ly/suj/Wellcom/japaper/23/1/2)

(https://sebhau.edu.ly/suj/paper/e211.pdf)

Aljarroushi, M.M. & Almedham, K.E. (2015) Natural plant cover composition in Misurata area, Libya. Assiut Journal for Environmental Studies-42nd issue-July 2015. (in Arabic)

(http://www.aun.edu.eg/arabic/society/magazine/arabic/res_July_2015/res7_July_2015.pdf)

Al-Zarbi, A. K., Al-Aaib, M. A. and Al-Tajouri, A. (2015) Study of the vegetation cover in the Gabar Jira-Al-Jabal Al-Akhdar. Libya. Second Conference of Environmental Sciences (15-17 December (2015) -Al-Asmaria University. Zliten. Libya

(https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Abdulhamid_Alzerbi/publication/326211561_drast_alghta_alnbaty_bbmntqt_qbrjyrh_baljbl_alakhdr_almwtmr_altha/links/5b4eefd645851507a7aa14ad/drast-alghta-alnbaty-bbmntqt-qbrjyrh-baljbl-alakhdr-almwtmr-altha.pdf?origin=publication_detail)

El-Feky, A. M. & Abulgasim, R. (2015) Inventory of the vegetation surrounding Zawia University. The Libyan Journal of Science (An International Journal): Volume 18, 2014/2015, pp.17-30. (in Arabic)

(http://libyanjournal.atspace.co.uk/)

El-Rabiai, G.T. & Al tira, M. (2015) Checklist of the Flora of Wadi Haboon at AI Jabal AI Akhdar (Cyrenaica, Libya). International Journal of Pharmacy & Life Sciences 6(8-9): Aug-Sep, 2015:4661-4665] Coden (USA): IJPLCP ISSN: 0976-7126 (http://uob.edu.ly/assets/uploads/pagedownloads/27a3a-wadi-haboon.pdf)

Elsayed M. A. N. (2015) Floristic Composition of the Plant Cover at Surt Region in Libya. Catrina (2015), 12 (1): 63-71-2010 By the Egyptian society for environmental SCIENCES.

(https://cat.journals.ekb.eg/article_18403_37c687e375b9144800a15704e68ebad7.pdf)

Erteeb, F.B & Sharashi, O. (2015) New Records for the Flora of Libya. The Libyan Journal of Science (An International Journal): Volume 18, 2014/2015

(http://libyanjournal.atspace.co.uk/)

Essokne, R.S. & Jury, S.L. (2015) Report on a visit to Gebel Akhdar (Cyrenaica, Libya). Fl. Medit. 25: 79-85-doi: 10.7320/FlMedit25.079-Version of Record published online on 30 December 2015.

(http://www.herbmedit.org/flora/FL25_079-086.pdf)

Ahmed, H. M. (2014) Assessment of natural vegetation in the area between Abraq and Shahat in the south and the coastline in the north. Journal of Science and Human Studies-Al-Marj. Issue 4-ISSN: 2312-4962 Benghazi University. (in Arabic)

(http://uob.edu.ly/pages/page/38/900)

Al-Zarbi, A. K. & Al-Aaib, M A. (2014): Pastoral Vegetation in Wadi Al-Kuf in Al-Jabal Al-Akhdar Libya, Journal of Science and Human Studies. Issue 4-ISSN: 2312-4962 Benghazi University. (in Arabic)

( http://uob.edu.ly/pages/page/38/855)

El-Mokasabi, F M. (2014(: Floristic Composition and Traditional Uses of Plant Species at Wadi Al-kuf, Al-Jabal Al-Akhder, Libya. American-Eurasian J. Agric. & Environ. Sci., 14 (8): 685-697, 2014, ISSN 1818-769,IDOSIPublications,2014DOI:10.5829/idosi.aejaes.2014.14.08.12375.

(https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/441b/23b83960f007044aca94e26f5c6b170fe102.pdf)

El-Mokasabi, F. M. (2014). The state of the art of traditional herbal medicine in the eastern Mediterranean coastal region of Libya. Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research, 21, 575-582.

(https://www.idosijournals.org/mejsr/mejsr21(4)14/1.pdf)

Shaltout ,K, Fawzy,M., Galal T., Awad M., El-Barasi Y., Saeed, B. (2014) Impact of waste water discharge on the plant communities and size structure of Wadi El-Shees, Al-Jabal Al-Akhdar, Libya. FeddesRepertorium2014, 125, 1-13 DOI: 10.1002/fedr.201400023

(http://uob.edu.ly/assets/uploads/pagedownloads/7a17e-094.pdf)

Abusaief, H. M. A. (2013) Life forms and rangeland for many habitats of Jarjar oma in Al- Jabal Al- Akhdar on Mediterranean Sea. Journal of American Science 2013;9(5)

(http://www.jofamericanscience.org/journals/am-sci/am0905/029_17747am0905_236_249.pdf)

Abusaief, H. M. A. and Dakhil, A. H. (2013) The floristic composition of Rocky habitat of Al Mansora in Al-Jabal Al-Akhdar- Libya. New York Science Journal 2013;6(5). (https://www.researchgate.net/publication/303314479_The_floristic_composition_of_Rocky_habitat_of_Al_Mansora_in_Al-_Jabal_Al-_Akhdar-_Libya)

Al-Daik, J. H. , Khaled, R. A., Dawood, N. (2013). Effect of Protection on Some Characteristics of Plant Coverage in Pasture of Bir Ayyad Area-Libya. Journal of Damascus University for Agricultural Sciences (2013) Volume (29) Issue 1 Pages: 283-298. (in Arabic)
(http://www.damascusuniversity.edu.sy/mag/farm/images/stories/283-298.pdf)
Al-Tajouri, A., Al-Aaeb, M.A., Al-Zarbi, A. K. (2013) Barley crop contamination with weed seeds in Gaber-Jira farms in Al- Jabal Al- Akhdar- Libya. Journal of Benghazi University of Science-the third and fourth edition (45-53). (in Arabic) 
( http://uob.edu.ly/assets/uploads/pagedownloads/c85d3-3-4-2013-a.pdf)

EL-Barasi, Y.M., Barrani, M.W. and Al Tajoury. R.O.(2013) Land Deterioration of a Semi-desert Grazing Area in the North-Eastern Zone of Libya (Cyrenaica). Journal of Environmental Science and Engineering B 2 (2013) 357-373

(https://www.researchgate.net/publication/298789519_Land_Deterioration_of_a_Semi-desert_Grazing_Area_in_the_North-Eastern_Zone_of_Libya_Cyrenaica)

Feng Y, Lei JQ, Xu XW. (2013) Composition and Characteristics of Libyan Flora. BiolSci Belgrade.; 65(2):651-7.

( http://www.doiserbia.nb.rs/img/doi/0354-4664/2013/0354-46641302651Y.pdf)

Al-Mathnani, A. M., Ali Elssaidi, M. and Mohamed, M. I. (2012) Diversity and Ecological Succession around Gaber-Oun Hypersaline Lake Ecosystem-Libya. 2nd International Conference on Ecological, Environmental and Biological Sciences (EEBS'2012) Oct. 13-14, 2012 Bali (Indonesia).

(http://psrcentre.org/images/extraimages/16%201012590.pdf)

Al-Mathnani, A. M., Elssaidi, M. A. (2012) Ecological Restoration of Gaber-Oun Hyper-Saline Lake (Southern Libya). International Conference on Chemical, Environmental and Biological Sciences (ICCEBS'2012) Penang, Malaysia.

(http://psrcentre.org/images/extraimages/59.%20212173.pdf)

El-Barasi, Y.M. & Barrani, M.W. (2012) Factors affecting natural vegetation on EL-Harouge Mountain, Central part of Libyan Desert (Sahara). Bocconea 24: 199-211. 2012. -ISSN 1120-4060.

(https://www.researchgate.net/publication/323991132_Factors_Affecting_Natural_vegetation_on_EL-Harouge_mountain_Central_part_of_Libyan_desert_Sahara)

Mukassabi, T. A., Ahmidat. G., Sherif, I. M., El-Mogasapi, A. and Thomas, P. A. (2012) Checklist and life forms of plant species in contrasting climatic zones of Libya. Biological Diversity and Conservation, 5/3 (2012) 1-12, ISSN 1308-8084 Online; ISSN 1308-5301 Print.

(http://www.biodicon.com/YayinlananMakaleler/1.%20250-0612.%20Peter.pdf)

Okasha, Ali (2012) Effect of Al-Marqab Cement Factory on the Vegetation Coverage. An-Najah University Journal for Research (Natural Sciences) Vol. 26.

(https://journals.najah.edu/media/journals/full_texts/effect-al-mergheb-portland-cement-factory-vegetation-cover.pdf)

EL-Barasi, Y. M., Barrani, M. W., Abdelsalam, O. EL-Amrouni, N., Mohamad, F. (2011) Check list of flora and vegetation on south EL-Marj zone: south EL-Jabal EL-Akhadar. Libya. Annals of Faculty Engineering Hunedoara-International Journal of Engineering. Tome IX (Year 2011). Fascicule 3. ISSN 1584-2673, 141-146. (http://annals.fih.upt.ro/pdf-full/2011/ANNALS-2011-3-24.pdf)

Hegazyi, A.K., Boulos, L., Kabiel, H.F. and Sharashy, O.S. (2011) Vegetaion and species altitudinal distribution in Al-Jabal Al-Akhdar landscape, Libya. Pak. J. Bot., 43(4): 1885-1898, 2011.

(https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Hanan_Kabiel/publication/249011161_Vegetation_and_species_altitudinal_distribution_in_Al-Jabal_Al-Akhdar_landscape_Libya/links/58171d7c08ae90acb24128b9.pdf)

Louhaichi, M., Salkini, A.K., Estita, H.E. and Belkhir, S. (2011) Initial Assessment of Medicinal Plants Across the Libyan Mediterranean Coast. Advances in Environmental Biology, 5(2): 359-370, 2011 ISSN 1995-0756

(https://www.researchgate.net/publication/265178605_Initial_Assessment_of_Medicinal_Plants_Across_the_Libyan_Mediterranean_Coast)

International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) (2011) Important Plant Areas in the Southern and Eastern Mediterranean Basin: (Priority Conservation Sites) .Editors: Rodford, E. a., Catulo, c. and de Montmoulin. Gland, Swiss AR and Malaga, Spain: IUCN. page116. (https://portals.iucn.org/library/sites/library/files/documents/2011-014.pdf)

Abu Ajila, A. M. K. & Ahmed, A. N. (2010) A study of the quantitative characteristics of vegetation covers in Al-Jafara plain. Libya. African J. Biol. Sci., 6 (3):111-121(2010) ISSN 1687-4870. (in Arabic)

(http://www.aasd.byethost13.com/Volumes/aasdj6(3)2010/111-121.pdf?i=1)

Beit Al-Mal, A. G. (2010) Classification of pastoral vegetation in the pasture of the Faculty of Agriculture-Al-Fateh University-Tripoli-Libyan Jamahiriya. Ass. Univ. Bull. Environ. Res. Vol. 13 No. 2, October 2010. (in Arabic)

(http://www.aun.edu.eg/arabic/society/aubfer/res7_oct_2010.pdf)

El-Rabiai, G.T. , Al tira, F.M., Lamlom, S.H. (2010) Preliminary Checklist for the Flora of Wadi El Ghattara in Libya. Garyounis University Press Journal of Science and Its Applications Vol. 4, No. 1, pp 39-47, December 2010.

(http://sc.uob.edu.ly/assets/uploads/pagedownloads/5c3e5-39-47.pdf)

Environment Public Authority (2010) Fourth National Report on the Convention on Biological Diversity - Libya.

(https://www.cbd.int/doc/world/ly/ly-nr-04-ar.pdf)

El-Bana, M. I. & Al-Mathnani, M. A. (2009) Vegetation-soil relationships in the Wadi Al-Hayat Area of the Libyan Sahara. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 3(2): 740-747, 2009 ISSN 1991-8178.

(https://www.researchgate.net/publication/265288335_Vegetation-soil_relationships_in_the_Wadi_Al-Hayat_Area_of_the_Libyan_Sahara)

El-Darier, S.M. & El-Mogaspi, F.M. (2009) Ethno botany and Relative Importance of Some Endemic Plant Species at El-Jabal El-Akhdar Region (Libya). World Journal of Agricultural Sciences 5 (3): 353-360, 2009 ISSN 1817-3047, IDOSI Publications, 2009

(http://www.idosi.org/wjas/wjas5(3)/16.pdf)

Baayo, Kh. A. (2008) Floristic composition of Sahara Area in Libya. Catrina (2008), 3(3):37-53.

(https://cat.journals.ekb.eg/article_18541_f0ebe9187acd58ae16701b93a9bf9cc2.pdf)

Al-Aib, M. A. and El-Shakhy, N. O. (2008) Weed flora of great man made river agriculture project (sirte). Journal of Agriculture and Environment for International Development, Vol.102, Issue 3: 241-25

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/343655187_Weed_Flora_of_Great_Man-Made_River_Agriculture_Project_Sirte

Baayo, Kh. A. (2008): Floristic composition and Phytochorological Analysis of Misratah area, Libya, Assiut Univ.J. of Botany 37(2), P-P. 33-78 (2008).

Mohammed, S.A.H. (2008) A taxonomic and ecological study of the plants of the Shaafin Reserve in Masalatah. Master Thesis. Department of Biology-Faculty of Arts and Sciences-Al-Mirqab University. Al-Khums. Libya. (In Arabic)

El-Eifor, L. A. (2008) Taxonomic study of the vegetation properties of Sabratha city Master Thesis. Department of Botany, Faculty of Science, Al-Zawiya University, Libya. (in Arabic)

Abd Al-lkhaleq, Y. M. (2007) Vegetation Coverage of El-Bakur Highlands in Al-Jabal Al- Akhdar. Master Thesis, Department of Botany, Faculty of Science, Garyounis University, Libya. (in Arabic)

El-Barasi, Y.M. & Mohammad, J.F. (2007) Comparative Study of the Seed Bank of Arable Land and Natural Vegetation in El-Jabal El-Akhdar Plateau and Coastal Zone. Journal of Science and Its Applications, Garyounis University Press, Vol. 1, No. 2, pp 1-14.

Al-Dana, S. M. M. (2006) Taxonomic study of wild flower plants in some areas of Misrata. Master Thesis, Department of Botany, Faculty of Science, Misurata University (7 October previously) Misurata, Libya. (in Arabic)

Al-Rutib, F.B. (2005) Rare and Endangered Plants. Journal of Horizons of Science and Technology-Volume III-First Issue-National Office for Research and Development-Tripoli-Libya.

Al-shif, N.N.M.(2005) Taxonomic Study of Wadi Kaam Plants and their medical uses. Master Thesis, Department of Biology-Faculty of Arts and Sciences-Al-Mirqab University. Al-Khums. Libya. (in Arabic)

Al-Sodany, Y. M., Shehata, M. N. & Shaltout, K. H. (2003): Vegetation along an elevation gradient in Al-Jabal Al-Akhdar, Libya. ecologia mediterranea, tome 29, fascicule 2, 2003, p. 125-138

(https://ecologia-mediterranea.univ-avignon.fr/wp-content/uploads/sites/25/2017/07/Ecologia_mediterranea_2003-29_2__02.pdf)

El-Barasi, Y. M., EI-Sherif, l. M. & Gawhari, A. M. H.(2003) Checklist and analysis of the flora and vegetation of Wadi Zaza at AI-Jabal AI Akhdar (Cyrenaica, Libya). -Bocconea 16(2): 1091-1105. 2003. - ISSN 1120-4060.

(http://www.herbmedit.org/bocconea/16-1091.pdf)

El-Kady, H.F. (2000) Vegetation analysis along Sluk-Msus Road in southeastern Benghazi, Libya, El-Minia Scienve Bulletin, Volum. 13(1), pp.61-71. 2000.

EL-Hmaeedy, A.R.( 2000) Vegetation and Flora of Wadi EL-Aager. M.Sc. Thesis, Botany Department-Faculty of Science-Garyounis University, Benghazi.Libya.

Al-Idrissi, M., A. Sbeita, A. Jebriel, A. Zintani, A. Shreidi, H. Ghawawi and M. Tazi. 1996. Libya: Country Report to the FAO International Technical Conference on Plant Genetic Resources, Tripoli.

(http://www.fao.org/fileadmin/templates/agphome/documents/PGR/SoW1/east/LIBYA.pdf)

Qaiser, M. and A. El-Gadi, 1984.A critical analysis of the flora of Libya. Libyan Science Journal, Libya, 13: 31-40.

ACSAD ( 1984) Draft Studies of the National Cove Park, Final Report, Arab Center for the Studies of Arid Zones and Dry Lands (ACSAD).

Al-Tajori, H. M. A.(---) Environment and Geographical Distribution of Teucrium.

(http://uob.edu.ly/pages/page/38/915)

Boulos,L.(1983) Medicinal plants of North Africa. Reference publications.

Third: Master Theses and Research Not Obtained

Baraka, R., Al-Burasi, Y.and Amoula, M.(2017). An environmental study to evaluate the introduction of exotic plant species to the soil of the Kufra agricultural production project. The First Scientific Conference on Environment and Development of Desert Societies. Al-Kufra Libya. (in Arabic)

Commission, M. , Burasi, Y. and Baraka, R.(2017) Study of seed density (seed bank) in Al-Kufra depression soil (Al-Jouf Western). The First Scientific Conference on Environment and Development of Desert Societies. Al-Kufra Libya. (in Arabic)

Hegazy, A.; Kabiel, H.; Al-Rowaily, S.; Lovett-Doust,L. and Al-Borki, A. (2016) Plant communities and reproductive phenology in mountainous regions of northern Libya. Journal of Forestry Research.

Alaib, M.A., El-Bakkosh AM, Yousef, B.A., Gadelmola, A.S. and Elmhafdi, A.M. (2016) Preliminary Investigation of the Vegetation of Wadi Belkaf-Bata Al-Jabal Al-Akhdar Libya. Libyan Journal of Basic Science. 2016; 1: 20-27.

(file:///C:/Users/mcc/Downloads/BOTA-WadiBlkafpaper%20(1).pdf)

Nawras, A. M., Al-Burasi, Y. and Abd-Elkhalek, Y. M. (2016) Floristic study of Wadi Astoh area in Al-Jabal Al-Akhdar. Fourth Scientific Conference on Environment and Sustainable Development in Arid and Semi-Arid Regions (20-22-Nov-2016) Ajdabiya-Libya. (in Arabic).

Kabiel, H.; Hegazy, A.; Lovett Doust, L.; Al Rowaily, S. and Borki, A. (2016a) Demography of the threatened endemic shrub, Arbutus pavarii, in the Al-Akhdar Mountainous Landscape of Libya. Journal of Forestry Research.

Kabiel, H.; Hegazy, A.; Lovett Doust, L.; Al-Rowaily, S. and Al Borki, A. (2016b) Ecological assessment of populations of Juniperus phoenicea L. in the Al-Akhdar mountainous landscape of Libya. Arid Land Research and management, 30, 269-289.

Al-Mishri, A.M. (2015) Taxonomic Study of Plants, Bir Ayyad and Wadi Ain Al-Roumieh Protected. Master Thesis, Faculty of Science, Zawia University. Libya. (in Arabic).

Dahkel, E.H. (2014) Habitats and plant diversity of Al Mansora and Jarjar oma regions in Al Jabal Al Akhdar -Libya. M. Sc. Thesis Botany Department-Faculty of Science Omar Al Mukhtar University. Libya. (in Arabic).

Ishaiwi, F. G. M. (2013) A taxonomic study of Wadis Flora south of Mizda at the intersections with Mizda-Sebha Highway. Master Thesis. Botany Department-Faculty of Science-Sabha University, Libya. (in Arabic)

Saad, Z. H. (2013) A taxonomic study of the components of vegetation cover in Ghadwa Valley, Jafara plain. Master Thesis, Faculty of Science, Zawia University. Libya. (in Arabic)

Abd-Alla, E. P. (2010) The grazing plants at the Tripoli University Campus. Ass. Univ. Bull. Environ. Res, 13 (2) 132-139

El-Mokasabi, F.(2010) Ecology, ethno botany and floristic composition of the medicinal plants at"Sallum, Egypt and Al-Gebel Al-Akhder, Libya". Ph.D. Thesis. Alexandria University, pp: 159. Egypty.

Abdul Hadi A.F.(2009) Study of the vegetation and soil seed bank of a zone extended between south of El Marj to wadi Kharruba, Master Thesis, Botany Department, Faculty of Science, Benghazi University, Benghazi, Libya, (in Arabic)

Omar, M. A. (2009) A study of vegetation cover of Wadi Nessma area in Libya. Master Thesis. Botany Department, Faculty of Science, Sabha University, Libya. (in Arabic)

Al-Ahmar, S. M.M. (2008) Systematic Study of Wild Flowering Plants in North Part of Shabiat Garian. Master Thesis-Botany Department, Faculty of Science, Tripoli University. (in Arabic)

( https://uot.edu.ly/sites/default/files/1010520083.pdf)

Al-Shuqman, A. A. (2008) Quantitative and qualitative study of the species of composite family in Zawiya. Master Thesis. Faculty of Science-Zawia University.Libya. (in Arabic)

Alaib, M. A. & Ihsaeen, N.O.(2008) Weed flora of Great Man-made River Agriculture Projects (Surt). Journal of Agriculture and Environment for International Development 102 (3): 241-257

Barrani M.W. (2008) Study of plant deterioration factors on Daphna zone (north eastern part of Libyan coast-Tobruk), Master Thesis, Department of Environmental and Engineering Science, Academy of Graduate Studies, Benghazi Branch, Libya, 2008. (in Arabic)

El-Morsy, E. S. R. (2008). Ecological and Taxonomical Studies on the Vegetation of the Western Section of Libyan Mediterranean Coast. Ph.D. Thesis, Faculty of Science, Ain Shams University Cairo. Egypt.

Kikli AR. (2008) Floristic and Ecological Study of Farwa Island. Tripoli. Libya.

Shoohob, m. A., Abu Hadrah M. N. (2008) Taxonomic Study of Floral Plants of the Northern Part of Gharyan, Faculty of Science / Botany Department University of Tripoli (El-Faateh previously) . (in Arabic)

Abdul Khaliq Y.M.(2007) Study of vegetation of the heighlands of Albakur at the northern coast of Al-Marj area (the old city of Barce) Al-Jabal Al-Akhadar-Libya, Master Thesis, Botany Department, Botany Department-Faculty of Science-Garyounis University, Benghazi, Libya. (in Arabic)

Al Maghrabi A.S.S.(2006) Study of the vegetation and seed bank of the zone of Ghaminis and Agedabia (Slouk plain), Master of Science Thesis, Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Academy of Graduated Studies, Benghazi Branch, Libya, 2006. (in Arabic)

Al-Jabal Al-Akhdar south project (2006) Assessment of Natural Vegetation Coverage in Jabal Al-Akhdar Area. Second Periodic Report-Omar Al-Mukhtar University.

Al-Fialli,A. M. (2005) Taxonomic study of the wild plants.( Yafran ).Master Thesis.

Department of Botany, Faculty of Science, Zawiya University. (in Arabic).

Al-Jabal Al-Akhdar south project (2005). Study and evaluation natural vegetation in Al-Jabal Al-Akhdar area. Omar Al-Mokhtar Univ., Libya. 12 p. (in Arabic).

Al-Tagouri, H. (2004) Reclassification of the genus Teucrium in Libya. Master Thesis, Department of Botany, Faculty of Science, Garyounis University. Benghazi. Libya. (in Arabic)

EL-Barasi ,Y.M., Buwarish, B.M., (2005) The effect of human activities on the soil seed bank of a semi desert zone in south EL-Jabal EL-Akhadar in northern Cyrenaica (Libya), F. Al-Ashab and A. Mami (Eds), New Trends in Science and Their Applications, ISBN 9959-24-096-7,Garyounis Un. Press, Benghazi-Libya, 2005.

Ahmed, G. O. M. (2004) Study of vegetation cover between the Acacus Mountains and the Tassili Mountains (Ghat). Master Thesis. Botany Department-Faculty of Science-Sabha University, Libya. (in Arabic)

El Jetlawi A.O.(2004) Study of vegetation and soil seed bank of a range desert zone (Msus-Al Ajramia), Master Thesis, Botany Department, Faculty of Science, Benghazi University, Benghazi, Libya, 2004. (in Arabic)

Getlawi, A. D. (2004). Study of the vegetation and seed bank of a pasture area of msus desert, Libya. M. Sc. Thesis. Botany Department-Faculty of Science Garyounis University. Benghazi. Libya. (in Arabic)

Eldoumi, F.; Elsaedi, O. and Zunni, S. (2002) Study of Al-jabal Al-akhdar's plant cover. Final report in Arabic. University of Omar Al mokhtar. El-Bieda; Libya.

Al-Juhary, A. M.(2002) Floristic and ecological studied of wadi Zaza (Al-Jabal Al-Akdar). M.Sc. Thesis, Botany Department-Faculty of Science-Garyounis University, Benghazi, Libya. (in Arabic)

El-Mokasabi, F. (2001) Endemic plants in Libya and their medicinal importance. Journal of the Environmental Studies. Ega libya Publication, Tripoli, Libya, 3(1): 13-15.

Flora and vegetation of Jebel Uweinat (Libyan Desert: Libya, Egypt, and Sudan). Fourth part. General considerations on the flora and the vegetation

(https://www.researchgate.net/publication/290792024_Flora_and_vegetation_of_Jebel_Uweinat_Libyan_Desert_Libya_Egypt_Sudan_Fourth_part_General_considerations_on_the_flora_and_the_vegetation)

Al-Hamadi R.I.(1999) Floristic and ecological study of wadi Al-Agar, Master Thesis, Botany Department, Faculty of Science, Botany Department-Faculty of Science-Garyounis University, Benghazi, Libya. (in Arabic)

Ebrahim, M. E. (1999) Vegetation and Flora of a Sector Along Mediterranean Coast of Libya from Tobruk to Egyptian Border. M.Sc. Thesis, Botany Department -Faculty of Science-Garyounis University, Benghazi, Libya. (in Arabic)

EL-Habony, A.M.(1999) Vegetation and flora of a sector along Mediterranean cost of Libya from Tobruk to Egyptian border, M.Sc. Thesis, Botany Department-Faculty of Science-Garyounis University, Benghazi, Libya. (in Arabic)

Asker, A.M. (1998)Vegetation and Flora of Wadi Al-Asrha. M.Sc. Thesis. Botany Department-Faculty of Science-Garyounis University, Benghazi, Libya. (in Arabic)

Boulos, L.(1997) Endemic flora of the Middle East and North Africa. In: (Eds.): H.N.

El-Gadi, A. & Bashaina, S.M.A.(1997) Libyan Folk Medicine. Dar El-Hkima, Tripoli, Libya.

Edrawi, M. and El-Naggar, S. (1995) Natural plant life of Libya. Assiut J. Environ. Stud., 9:149-160pp (in Arabic).

Brullo, S. & Furnari, F. (1994) La vegetation del Gebel el-Akhdar (Cirenaica settentrionale). Boll. Acc. Gioenia Sci. Nat., 27: 197-412.

Sherif, A.S. & Ben-othman A.B.(1992) Checklist and analysis of El-Naser forest flora. Bulletin of Natural. Nat. Herb. Tripoli, Libya, 3: 9-20.

Sherif, M., El-Barasi, Y., Mugasabi, M., Shakmak, Y., Gomaa, M. (1991). A contribution to the flora of Wadi-Murqus (Gabel El-Akhder, Libya). Acta Botanica Indica., 19, 232-235.

El-Gadi, A. (1989) Libyan Medicinal and Aromatic Plants and Main Traditional Uses. Tripoli Publishing Home, Libya. Formerly part of Journal of environmental Science and Engineering, ISSN 1934-2932

El-Gadi, A. & Siddiqi M.A.(1986) Ornamental plantsin Libya. Department of Botany, Al-FaatehUniv.,Tripoli, Libya.

Aquiteen, A.O. (1985) Status of Plant Genetic Resources in Libyan Arab Jamahiriya. Plant Genetic Resources Newsletter, 62: 25-27

Brullo, S. & Furnari, F. (1981) Phytogeographical considerations on the coastal vegetation of Cyrenaica. Actas III Congr. OPTIMA. Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 37 (2): 765-772.

Boulos, L. (1979a) A check list of the Libyan Flora 2.Salicaceae to Neuradaceae. CODEN: CNDLAR, 34: 21-48pp.

Boulos, L. (1979b) A chick list of the Libyan Flora: 3 Compositae. CODEN: CNDLAR, 34:307-332pp.

Faruqi, S. & Quraish, H.A.(1979) Studies on Libyan grasses. Published by: Botanischer Garten und Botanisches Museum, Berlin-Dahlem

(https://www.jstor.org/stable/3996142?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents)

Boulos, L. (1977) A check list of the Libyan Flora. 1. Introduction. Adiantaceae-Orchidaceae. Public Cairo Univ. Herb., 718: 115-141pp.

Zunni, S.A. (1977) The forests of Al-Jabal Al-Akhdar, Libya. MSc Thesis, Colorado state University. Fort Collins, Colorado

Boulos, L.,(1976) The Mediterranean element in the flora of Egypt and Libya. In La Flore du Basin Mediterraneen: Essaide Systematique Synthetique Colloques Internationaux du CNRS, 235: 119-124.

Scholz, H. (1974) Liste der grase Libyens.Willdenowia, 7: 419- 458.

Boulos, L. (1972) Our Present Knowledge on the flora and Vegetation of Libya. Bibliography.Webbia 26: 365-400

Boulos, L. (1971)Wild Trees and Shrubs in Libya. Al-Hasad 20, Esso Standard Libya Incorporation Publication, Beirut, Lebanon

Gimingham, C.H. & K. Walton(1954) Environment and the Structure of Scrub Communities on the Limestone Plateau of Northern Cyrenaica. Journal of Ecology, 42: 505-520.